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来源:欧洲MTV音乐奖将在西班牙塞维利亚举行  作者:   发表时间:2019-10-23 05:14:42

  Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。Backin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。They'redevelopedbyaUKcompanycalledOxitec,whichhasdubbedthecreations"FriendlyMosquitos"—althoughtheirfemalematesmaydisagree.英国公司Oxitec负责培育这些雄蚊,该公司称之为“友好蚊”,不过,雌蚊们可能不这么想。

  Thismeansitwouldbepossibletostemthespreadofmalariathroughmosquitobites.这就意味着人类有可能通过阻断蚊虫叮咬控制疟疾传播。Thismeansitwouldbepossibletostemthespreadofmalariathroughmosquitobites.这就意味着人类有可能通过阻断蚊虫叮咬控制疟疾传播。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。

  TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。

  英文来源:太阳报However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。英文来源:太阳报

  What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。英文来源:太阳报Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。

  疟疾是一种致命疾病,通常通过受感染的蚊子叮咬传播。BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。Whenthefemalesgivebirth,theiroffspringwilldiebeforeadulthoodthankstothegene.雌蚊产卵时,她们的后代将会因为携带这种基因而夭折。

  Backin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。

  Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。

  What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。

  ”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。

  Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyBackin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。

  ”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。Oxitec'skillersexmosquitoesareexpectedtobereadyfortrialsbytheendof2020.Oxitec公司的交配杀手蚊有望在2020年底之前接受实验。”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。

  Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。

  BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。

  英文来源:太阳报Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。

  Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。They'redevelopedbyaUKcompanycalledOxitec,whichhasdubbedthecreations"FriendlyMosquitos"—althoughtheirfemalematesmaydisagree.英国公司Oxitec负责培育这些雄蚊,该公司称之为“友好蚊”,不过,雌蚊们可能不这么想。Whenthefemalesgivebirth,theiroffspringwilldiebeforeadulthoodthankstothegene.雌蚊产卵时,她们的后代将会因为携带这种基因而夭折。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。

  BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。

  ”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。

  Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。

  疟疾是一种致命疾病,通常通过受感染的蚊子叮咬传播。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

  Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  They'redevelopedbyaUKcompanycalledOxitec,whichhasdubbedthecreations"FriendlyMosquitos"—althoughtheirfemalematesmaydisagree.英国公司Oxitec负责培育这些雄蚊,该公司称之为“友好蚊”,不过,雌蚊们可能不这么想。”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。

  However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。

  It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。

  Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。

  ”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。

  疟疾是一种致命疾病,通常通过受感染的蚊子叮咬传播。”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。疟疾是一种致命疾病,通常通过受感染的蚊子叮咬传播。

  It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。Whenthefemalesgivebirth,theiroffspringwilldiebeforeadulthoodthankstothegene.雌蚊产卵时,她们的后代将会因为携带这种基因而夭折。Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。

  Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。Whenthefemalesgivebirth,theiroffspringwilldiebeforeadulthoodthankstothegene.雌蚊产卵时,她们的后代将会因为携带这种基因而夭折。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。

  Oxitec'skillersexmosquitoesareexpectedtobereadyfortrialsbytheendof2020.Oxitec公司的交配杀手蚊有望在2020年底之前接受实验。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。

  TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Thismeansitwouldbepossibletostemthespreadofmalariathroughmosquitobites.这就意味着人类有可能通过阻断蚊虫叮咬控制疟疾传播。

  ”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。

  FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby疟疾是一种致命疾病,通常通过受感染的蚊子叮咬传播。Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。

  Oxitec'skillersexmosquitoesareexpectedtobereadyfortrialsbytheendof2020.Oxitec公司的交配杀手蚊有望在2020年底之前接受实验。Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。

  Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。

  英文来源:太阳报TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。英文来源:太阳报

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