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来源:沃尔沃汽车下调厂商建议零售价XC90最高降幅达6万  作者:   发表时间:2019-10-21 00:19:11

  英语中,描述其破坏力的词,按由轻到重的次序大致有damage,destroy,devastate,shatter,level,flatten等等。地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。

  Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonaroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)PhototakenonJune12,2018showsagiantbronzedruminHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)SensorsbeinginstalledinSichuanandYunnan-China'smostactiveareasChinahasbegunbuildingamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinSichuanprovinceandneighboringYunnanprovince,accordingtotheInstituteofCare-Life,akeyearthquakeearly-warninglaboratory.About2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltinthetwoprovincesinthenextyearortwotoformanundergroundcloudmapmonitoringnetwork.Overthenextthreeyears,theinstitute-basedinChengdu,Sichuan-willstudydatacollectedfromaround10destructiveearthquakestoimproveprediction,accordingtoWangTun,theheadoftheinstitute.BothSichuanandYunnanhaveahighincidenceofquakes.Eachhasanannualaverageofmorethanthreequakesabovemagnitude-5.0.Thesensorsatthe2,000monitoringstationswillbeinstalledatgroundlevelandwillcollectdataonundergroundstresses8to20kilometersbelowthesurface,providingresearchersattheinstitutewithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,Wangsaid.AccordingtoChenTianchang,aresearchfellowattheSichuanEarthquakeBureau,quakesarecloselyrelatedtoundergroundstressesandenergy.Theobjectiveoftheambitiousprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakesthatareabouttohappenatdepthsbetween8kmand20km,wherealmostallthemostdestructivequakeshaveoriginated,hesaid.However,thecurrenttechnologyisonlyabletoestimatealikelytimeperiodandareaforaquake,itcannotpinpointthem.Theepicentersofthemagnitude-6.8and7.2XingtaiearthquakesinHebeiprovincein1966;themagnitude-7.3HaichengearthquakeinLiaoningprovincein1975;themagnitude-7.8TangshanearthquakeinHebeiprovincein1976;themagnitude-8.0WenchuanearthquakeinSichuanin2008;andthemagnitude-7.0JiuzhaigouearthquakeinSichuanlastyearwerealllessthan20kmdeep,Wangsaid.Earthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan8kmdeeparegenerallyminor-belowmagnitude-5.0-asearthquakeswithshallowepicenterscannotaccumulateenormousundergroundstressorenergy,hesaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationoftheplannedundergroundcloudmapnetworkwasinstalledlastweekattheYingxiuEarthquakeStationinSichuan'sWenchuancounty.YingxiuwastheepicenteroftheWenchuanearthquakeonMay12,2008,whichkilled69,226peopleandleft17,923unaccountedfor.  

  目前,首个地下云图网监测站和传感设备,已在汶川县映秀地震台部署完成。SouthKoreaandtheDemocraticPeople'sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)onThursdaystartedgeneral-levelmilitarytalksatthebordervillageofPanmunjomtoeasemilitarytensions,accordingtolocalmediareports.Theinter-Koreandialoguebetweengeneral-levelmilitaryofficers,thefirstofitskindinover10years,kickedoffatabout10a.m.localtime(0100GMT)inTongilgak,aDPRKbuildinginsidethePanmunjomthatstraddlesthedividedKoreas.Thelastgeneral-grademilitarydialoguebetweenthetwosideswasheldinDecember2007.Thefive-memberSouthKoreandelegationwasledbyMaj.Gen.KimDo-gyun,asenior-levelofficialofthedefenseministryinchargeofinter-Koreanmilitaryaffairs.TheDPRKside,composedoffivedelegates,washeadedbyLt.Gen.AnIk-san.ThechiefSouthKoreandelegatetoldreportersbeforeheadingforPanmunjomthathewilldiscusswithhisDPRKcounterpartissuesontheeasingofinter-Koreanmilitarytensionsandthescheduleforinter-Koreantalksbetweendefenseministers.Otherissuesonthedialogueagendawouldpossiblybetherestorationoftheinter-Koreanmilitarycommunicationschannel,theregularly-heldmilitarytalksbetweenthetwosidesandtheestablishmentofhotlinebetweendefenseministers.Theinter-KoreanmilitarytalkscameaftertopDPRKleaderKimJongUnandU.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpheldthehistoricsummitinSingaporeTuesday.Shatter指“粉碎,砸碎,毁坏,毁灭”,比如在地震中那些破碎的玻璃和房屋:Alltheglassandsomeofthebuildingsshatteredwhentheearthquakehitthecity.地震来袭的时候,所有的玻璃都震碎了,一些建筑物也损毁了。

  Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.四川省成都高新减灾研究所的科学家表示,按照规划,我国将用两年时间在四川和云南两个地震多发省份建立2000个监测站。Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.四川省成都高新减灾研究所的科学家表示,按照规划,我国将用两年时间在四川和云南两个地震多发省份建立2000个监测站。按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。

  RemotesensingimagesshowedthattheenvironmentreturningtonormalintheWenchuanearthquakezonetenyearsaftertheevent,accordingtoareportbytheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS).InMarch,theCASbeganaremotesensingsurveyoftheenvironmentrestorationintheworsthittownshipsofWenchuanCountyinsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,hitbya8.0-magnitudequakeinMay,2008.Thesurveyshowedthatlandslideareashavebeencoveredbyvegetationandthatlandslideshavedecreasedinthemonitoringareas.However,therearestillgeologicaldisasterrisksincludinglandslidesinsomeareas.TheCASsurveyedthesitesof36barrierlakesandfoundthat30havecompletelydisappeared,butthatthedamsofothersixbarrierlakesarestable.Thecrisisofbarrierlakesisover,accordingtotheCAS,andtheenvironmenthasimproved.AbarrierlakeinTangjiashanhasbeentransformedintotouristdestinationandreservoir.Oftheareassurveyed61percenthavemuchmorevegetation,comparedwithtenyearsago.And63percenthavelesssoilerosion.Opticalandmicrowavecameraswereattachedtodronesduringthesurvey.  HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。

  ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  Destroy表示“完全破坏,消灭,摧毁,夺去人的生命”,被摧毁的物件不能再用。SensorsbeinginstalledinSichuanandYunnan-China'smostactiveareasChinahasbegunbuildingamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinSichuanprovinceandneighboringYunnanprovince,accordingtotheInstituteofCare-Life,akeyearthquakeearly-warninglaboratory.About2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltinthetwoprovincesinthenextyearortwotoformanundergroundcloudmapmonitoringnetwork.Overthenextthreeyears,theinstitute-basedinChengdu,Sichuan-willstudydatacollectedfromaround10destructiveearthquakestoimproveprediction,accordingtoWangTun,theheadoftheinstitute.BothSichuanandYunnanhaveahighincidenceofquakes.Eachhasanannualaverageofmorethanthreequakesabovemagnitude-5.0.Thesensorsatthe2,000monitoringstationswillbeinstalledatgroundlevelandwillcollectdataonundergroundstresses8to20kilometersbelowthesurface,providingresearchersattheinstitutewithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,Wangsaid.AccordingtoChenTianchang,aresearchfellowattheSichuanEarthquakeBureau,quakesarecloselyrelatedtoundergroundstressesandenergy.Theobjectiveoftheambitiousprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakesthatareabouttohappenatdepthsbetween8kmand20km,wherealmostallthemostdestructivequakeshaveoriginated,hesaid.However,thecurrenttechnologyisonlyabletoestimatealikelytimeperiodandareaforaquake,itcannotpinpointthem.Theepicentersofthemagnitude-6.8and7.2XingtaiearthquakesinHebeiprovincein1966;themagnitude-7.3HaichengearthquakeinLiaoningprovincein1975;themagnitude-7.8TangshanearthquakeinHebeiprovincein1976;themagnitude-8.0WenchuanearthquakeinSichuanin2008;andthemagnitude-7.0JiuzhaigouearthquakeinSichuanlastyearwerealllessthan20kmdeep,Wangsaid.Earthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan8kmdeeparegenerallyminor-belowmagnitude-5.0-asearthquakeswithshallowepicenterscannotaccumulateenormousundergroundstressorenergy,hesaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationoftheplannedundergroundcloudmapnetworkwasinstalledlastweekattheYingxiuEarthquakeStationinSichuan'sWenchuancounty.YingxiuwastheepicenteroftheWenchuanearthquakeonMay12,2008,whichkilled69,226peopleandleft17,923unaccountedfor.  

  地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)【相关词汇】浅源地震shallowearthquake破坏性地震destructiveearthquake震中epicenter地震波seismicwave地震预报earthquakeprediction震级earthquakemagnitude余震aftershock地震次生灾害seismicsecondarydisaster

  AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonaroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)PhototakenonJune12,2018showsagiantbronzedruminHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。

  地下云图网(undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoringstations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(undergroundstressandenergy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。

  【相关词汇】浅源地震shallowearthquake破坏性地震destructiveearthquake震中epicenter地震波seismicwave地震预报earthquakeprediction震级earthquakemagnitude余震aftershock地震次生灾害seismicsecondarydisaster按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。

  AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonaroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)PhototakenonJune12,2018showsagiantbronzedruminHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  Shatter指“粉碎,砸碎,毁坏,毁灭”,比如在地震中那些破碎的玻璃和房屋:Alltheglassandsomeofthebuildingsshatteredwhentheearthquakehitthecity.地震来袭的时候,所有的玻璃都震碎了,一些建筑物也损毁了。

  ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。Destroy表示“完全破坏,消灭,摧毁,夺去人的生命”,被摧毁的物件不能再用。

  HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。

  Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。英语中,描述其破坏力的词,按由轻到重的次序大致有damage,destroy,devastate,shatter,level,flatten等等。Chinahasstartedconstructionofamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinanefforttoexploreearthquakeprediction,researcherssaidMonday.Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.Sensorsinstalledatmonitoringstationswillcollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,saidWangTun,directoroftheinstitute.Followingtheconstructionofthenetwork,researcherswillcontinuetomonitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod,basedonthepastfrequencyofearthquakesintheregion.Theobjectiveoftheprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep,researcherssaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationwasestablishedtwodaysagoinWenchuancountyinSichuan,theepicenterofadevastatingearthquakeadecadeago.  

  Chinahasstartedconstructionofamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinanefforttoexploreearthquakeprediction,researcherssaidMonday.Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.Sensorsinstalledatmonitoringstationswillcollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,saidWangTun,directoroftheinstitute.Followingtheconstructionofthenetwork,researcherswillcontinuetomonitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod,basedonthepastfrequencyofearthquakesintheregion.Theobjectiveoftheprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep,researcherssaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationwasestablishedtwodaysagoinWenchuancountyinSichuan,theepicenterofadevastatingearthquakeadecadeago.  Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  地下云图网undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonaroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)PhototakenonJune12,2018showsagiantbronzedruminHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)

  RemotesensingimagesshowedthattheenvironmentreturningtonormalintheWenchuanearthquakezonetenyearsaftertheevent,accordingtoareportbytheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS).InMarch,theCASbeganaremotesensingsurveyoftheenvironmentrestorationintheworsthittownshipsofWenchuanCountyinsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,hitbya8.0-magnitudequakeinMay,2008.Thesurveyshowedthatlandslideareashavebeencoveredbyvegetationandthatlandslideshavedecreasedinthemonitoringareas.However,therearestillgeologicaldisasterrisksincludinglandslidesinsomeareas.TheCASsurveyedthesitesof36barrierlakesandfoundthat30havecompletelydisappeared,butthatthedamsofothersixbarrierlakesarestable.Thecrisisofbarrierlakesisover,accordingtotheCAS,andtheenvironmenthasimproved.AbarrierlakeinTangjiashanhasbeentransformedintotouristdestinationandreservoir.Oftheareassurveyed61percenthavemuchmorevegetation,comparedwithtenyearsago.And63percenthavelesssoilerosion.Opticalandmicrowavecameraswereattachedtodronesduringthesurvey.  临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。地下云图网(undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoringstations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(undergroundstressandenergy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。

  RemotesensingimagesshowedthattheenvironmentreturningtonormalintheWenchuanearthquakezonetenyearsaftertheevent,accordingtoareportbytheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS).InMarch,theCASbeganaremotesensingsurveyoftheenvironmentrestorationintheworsthittownshipsofWenchuanCountyinsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,hitbya8.0-magnitudequakeinMay,2008.Thesurveyshowedthatlandslideareashavebeencoveredbyvegetationandthatlandslideshavedecreasedinthemonitoringareas.However,therearestillgeologicaldisasterrisksincludinglandslidesinsomeareas.TheCASsurveyedthesitesof36barrierlakesandfoundthat30havecompletelydisappeared,butthatthedamsofothersixbarrierlakesarestable.Thecrisisofbarrierlakesisover,accordingtotheCAS,andtheenvironmenthasimproved.AbarrierlakeinTangjiashanhasbeentransformedintotouristdestinationandreservoir.Oftheareassurveyed61percenthavemuchmorevegetation,comparedwithtenyearsago.And63percenthavelesssoilerosion.Opticalandmicrowavecameraswereattachedtodronesduringthesurvey.  目前,首个地下云图网监测站和传感设备,已在汶川县映秀地震台部署完成。按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。

  地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。Shatter指“粉碎,砸碎,毁坏,毁灭”,比如在地震中那些破碎的玻璃和房屋:Alltheglassandsomeofthebuildingsshatteredwhentheearthquakehitthecity.地震来袭的时候,所有的玻璃都震碎了,一些建筑物也损毁了。比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。

  ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。

  Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.四川省成都高新减灾研究所的科学家表示,按照规划,我国将用两年时间在四川和云南两个地震多发省份建立2000个监测站。Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。Damage是指“损害,破坏”,但不是特别严重,还可以修复的那种,比如:Apartfromhydropowerprojects,theearthquakedamagedsomepowerequipmentmanufacturersinSichuanincludingDongfangElectricinHanwanginDeyangthatwasbadlydamagedwhenseveralbuildingscollapsed,causingseveralhundreddeaths.除了水电站,地震还破坏了四川的一些供电设施工厂,德阳市汉旺镇的东方电气受损严重,几栋建筑物倒塌,数百人死亡。

  比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。

  HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。

  按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。SensorsbeinginstalledinSichuanandYunnan-China'smostactiveareasChinahasbegunbuildingamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinSichuanprovinceandneighboringYunnanprovince,accordingtotheInstituteofCare-Life,akeyearthquakeearly-warninglaboratory.About2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltinthetwoprovincesinthenextyearortwotoformanundergroundcloudmapmonitoringnetwork.Overthenextthreeyears,theinstitute-basedinChengdu,Sichuan-willstudydatacollectedfromaround10destructiveearthquakestoimproveprediction,accordingtoWangTun,theheadoftheinstitute.BothSichuanandYunnanhaveahighincidenceofquakes.Eachhasanannualaverageofmorethanthreequakesabovemagnitude-5.0.Thesensorsatthe2,000monitoringstationswillbeinstalledatgroundlevelandwillcollectdataonundergroundstresses8to20kilometersbelowthesurface,providingresearchersattheinstitutewithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,Wangsaid.AccordingtoChenTianchang,aresearchfellowattheSichuanEarthquakeBureau,quakesarecloselyrelatedtoundergroundstressesandenergy.Theobjectiveoftheambitiousprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakesthatareabouttohappenatdepthsbetween8kmand20km,wherealmostallthemostdestructivequakeshaveoriginated,hesaid.However,thecurrenttechnologyisonlyabletoestimatealikelytimeperiodandareaforaquake,itcannotpinpointthem.Theepicentersofthemagnitude-6.8and7.2XingtaiearthquakesinHebeiprovincein1966;themagnitude-7.3HaichengearthquakeinLiaoningprovincein1975;themagnitude-7.8TangshanearthquakeinHebeiprovincein1976;themagnitude-8.0WenchuanearthquakeinSichuanin2008;andthemagnitude-7.0JiuzhaigouearthquakeinSichuanlastyearwerealllessthan20kmdeep,Wangsaid.Earthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan8kmdeeparegenerallyminor-belowmagnitude-5.0-asearthquakeswithshallowepicenterscannotaccumulateenormousundergroundstressorenergy,hesaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationoftheplannedundergroundcloudmapnetworkwasinstalledlastweekattheYingxiuEarthquakeStationinSichuan'sWenchuancounty.YingxiuwastheepicenteroftheWenchuanearthquakeonMay12,2008,whichkilled69,226peopleandleft17,923unaccountedfor.  地下云图网(undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoringstations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(undergroundstressandenergy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。

  ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。

  比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。Chinahasstartedconstructionofamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinanefforttoexploreearthquakeprediction,researcherssaidMonday.Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.Sensorsinstalledatmonitoringstationswillcollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,saidWangTun,directoroftheinstitute.Followingtheconstructionofthenetwork,researcherswillcontinuetomonitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod,basedonthepastfrequencyofearthquakesintheregion.Theobjectiveoftheprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep,researcherssaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationwasestablishedtwodaysagoinWenchuancountyinSichuan,theepicenterofadevastatingearthquakeadecadeago.  按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。

  Devastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。地震之所以可怕,除了其来势迅猛,猝不及防外,还因为它往往破坏力惊人。ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。英语中,描述其破坏力的词,按由轻到重的次序大致有damage,destroy,devastate,shatter,level,flatten等等。Shatter指“粉碎,砸碎,毁坏,毁灭”,比如在地震中那些破碎的玻璃和房屋:Alltheglassandsomeofthebuildingsshatteredwhentheearthquakehitthecity.地震来袭的时候,所有的玻璃都震碎了,一些建筑物也损毁了。

  ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  英语中,描述其破坏力的词,按由轻到重的次序大致有damage,destroy,devastate,shatter,level,flatten等等。临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。

  Level和flatten的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:Thequakeleveledentiretowns,flatteningthesimpleadobe,brickstructuresandleavingnothingbutrubble.地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。

  【相关词汇】浅源地震shallowearthquake破坏性地震destructiveearthquake震中epicenter地震波seismicwave地震预报earthquakeprediction震级earthquakemagnitude余震aftershock地震次生灾害seismicsecondarydisasterDevastate也是表示“摧毁,破坏”,它比destroy的威力还要大、涵盖的面还要广,destroy通常限定于某一地、某事物或是人,而devastate还可表示“情感上,精神上也遭破坏,整个系统的完全溃败”,比如:Shewasdevastatedbythelossofhermother.母亲的死击垮了她。Level和flatten的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:Thequakeleveledentiretowns,flatteningthesimpleadobe,brickstructuresandleavingnothingbutrubble.地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。

  AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonaroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)PhototakenonJune12,2018showsagiantbronzedruminHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)AtruckcarryingagiantbronzedrumrunsonamountainroadinHuanjiangMaonanAutonomousCounty,southChina'sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June12,2018.Thediameterofthedrumisoversixmeters.ItwillbeconveyedtoHuazhumaoplazainHuanjiang.(Xinhua/GaoDongfeng)SensorsbeinginstalledinSichuanandYunnan-China'smostactiveareasChinahasbegunbuildingamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinSichuanprovinceandneighboringYunnanprovince,accordingtotheInstituteofCare-Life,akeyearthquakeearly-warninglaboratory.About2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltinthetwoprovincesinthenextyearortwotoformanundergroundcloudmapmonitoringnetwork.Overthenextthreeyears,theinstitute-basedinChengdu,Sichuan-willstudydatacollectedfromaround10destructiveearthquakestoimproveprediction,accordingtoWangTun,theheadoftheinstitute.BothSichuanandYunnanhaveahighincidenceofquakes.Eachhasanannualaverageofmorethanthreequakesabovemagnitude-5.0.Thesensorsatthe2,000monitoringstationswillbeinstalledatgroundlevelandwillcollectdataonundergroundstresses8to20kilometersbelowthesurface,providingresearchersattheinstitutewithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,Wangsaid.AccordingtoChenTianchang,aresearchfellowattheSichuanEarthquakeBureau,quakesarecloselyrelatedtoundergroundstressesandenergy.Theobjectiveoftheambitiousprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakesthatareabouttohappenatdepthsbetween8kmand20km,wherealmostallthemostdestructivequakeshaveoriginated,hesaid.However,thecurrenttechnologyisonlyabletoestimatealikelytimeperiodandareaforaquake,itcannotpinpointthem.Theepicentersofthemagnitude-6.8and7.2XingtaiearthquakesinHebeiprovincein1966;themagnitude-7.3HaichengearthquakeinLiaoningprovincein1975;themagnitude-7.8TangshanearthquakeinHebeiprovincein1976;themagnitude-8.0WenchuanearthquakeinSichuanin2008;andthemagnitude-7.0JiuzhaigouearthquakeinSichuanlastyearwerealllessthan20kmdeep,Wangsaid.Earthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan8kmdeeparegenerallyminor-belowmagnitude-5.0-asearthquakeswithshallowepicenterscannotaccumulateenormousundergroundstressorenergy,hesaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationoftheplannedundergroundcloudmapnetworkwasinstalledlastweekattheYingxiuEarthquakeStationinSichuan'sWenchuancounty.YingxiuwastheepicenteroftheWenchuanearthquakeonMay12,2008,whichkilled69,226peopleandleft17,923unaccountedfor.  HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)

  临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。Destroy表示“完全破坏,消灭,摧毁,夺去人的生命”,被摧毁的物件不能再用。ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  临震预报(imminentearthquakeprediction)是指对某地几天以内,在较小范围内可能发生的破坏性地震做出的预报。新建设的川滇地下云图网的主要科学目标是,解决浅源(深度小于20千米)破坏性地震的临震预报(topredictshallowearthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan20kilometersdeep)难题。Destroy表示“完全破坏,消灭,摧毁,夺去人的生命”,被摧毁的物件不能再用。

  地震可以destroy我们,但不能devastate我们。SensorsbeinginstalledinSichuanandYunnan-China'smostactiveareasChinahasbegunbuildingamonitoringnetworkinseismicallyactiveregionsinSichuanprovinceandneighboringYunnanprovince,accordingtotheInstituteofCare-Life,akeyearthquakeearly-warninglaboratory.About2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltinthetwoprovincesinthenextyearortwotoformanundergroundcloudmapmonitoringnetwork.Overthenextthreeyears,theinstitute-basedinChengdu,Sichuan-willstudydatacollectedfromaround10destructiveearthquakestoimproveprediction,accordingtoWangTun,theheadoftheinstitute.BothSichuanandYunnanhaveahighincidenceofquakes.Eachhasanannualaverageofmorethanthreequakesabovemagnitude-5.0.Thesensorsatthe2,000monitoringstationswillbeinstalledatgroundlevelandwillcollectdataonundergroundstresses8to20kilometersbelowthesurface,providingresearchersattheinstitutewithpotentialinsightsintoearthquakeforecasting,Wangsaid.AccordingtoChenTianchang,aresearchfellowattheSichuanEarthquakeBureau,quakesarecloselyrelatedtoundergroundstressesandenergy.Theobjectiveoftheambitiousprojectistosuccessfullypredictearthquakesthatareabouttohappenatdepthsbetween8kmand20km,wherealmostallthemostdestructivequakeshaveoriginated,hesaid.However,thecurrenttechnologyisonlyabletoestimatealikelytimeperiodandareaforaquake,itcannotpinpointthem.Theepicentersofthemagnitude-6.8and7.2XingtaiearthquakesinHebeiprovincein1966;themagnitude-7.3HaichengearthquakeinLiaoningprovincein1975;themagnitude-7.8TangshanearthquakeinHebeiprovincein1976;themagnitude-8.0WenchuanearthquakeinSichuanin2008;andthemagnitude-7.0JiuzhaigouearthquakeinSichuanlastyearwerealllessthan20kmdeep,Wangsaid.Earthquakeswhoseepicentersarelessthan8kmdeeparegenerallyminor-belowmagnitude-5.0-asearthquakeswithshallowepicenterscannotaccumulateenormousundergroundstressorenergy,hesaid.ThefirstmonitoringstationoftheplannedundergroundcloudmapnetworkwasinstalledlastweekattheYingxiuEarthquakeStationinSichuan'sWenchuancounty.YingxiuwastheepicenteroftheWenchuanearthquakeonMay12,2008,whichkilled69,226peopleandleft17,923unaccountedfor.  RemotesensingimagesshowedthattheenvironmentreturningtonormalintheWenchuanearthquakezonetenyearsaftertheevent,accordingtoareportbytheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS).InMarch,theCASbeganaremotesensingsurveyoftheenvironmentrestorationintheworsthittownshipsofWenchuanCountyinsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,hitbya8.0-magnitudequakeinMay,2008.Thesurveyshowedthatlandslideareashavebeencoveredbyvegetationandthatlandslideshavedecreasedinthemonitoringareas.However,therearestillgeologicaldisasterrisksincludinglandslidesinsomeareas.TheCASsurveyedthesitesof36barrierlakesandfoundthat30havecompletelydisappeared,butthatthedamsofothersixbarrierlakesarestable.Thecrisisofbarrierlakesisover,accordingtotheCAS,andtheenvironmenthasimproved.AbarrierlakeinTangjiashanhasbeentransformedintotouristdestinationandreservoir.Oftheareassurveyed61percenthavemuchmorevegetation,comparedwithtenyearsago.And63percenthavelesssoilerosion.Opticalandmicrowavecameraswereattachedtodronesduringthesurvey.  

  Level和flatten的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:Thequakeleveledentiretowns,flatteningthesimpleadobe,brickstructuresandleavingnothingbutrubble.地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。地下云图网(undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoringstations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(undergroundstressandenergy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。【相关词汇】浅源地震shallowearthquake破坏性地震destructiveearthquake震中epicenter地震波seismicwave地震预报earthquakeprediction震级earthquakemagnitude余震aftershock地震次生灾害seismicsecondarydisaster

  地下云图网(undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring)是通过在四川、云南建设2000个地下云图监测站(monitoringstations),实时关注与地震发生直接相关的物理量——地下应力和能量(undergroundstressandenergy),从而形成它们的动态演化图。地下云图网undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。Level和flatten的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:Thequakeleveledentiretowns,flatteningthesimpleadobe,brickstructuresandleavingnothingbutrubble.地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。

  SouthKoreaandtheDemocraticPeople'sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)onThursdaystartedgeneral-levelmilitarytalksatthebordervillageofPanmunjomtoeasemilitarytensions,accordingtolocalmediareports.Theinter-Koreandialoguebetweengeneral-levelmilitaryofficers,thefirstofitskindinover10years,kickedoffatabout10a.m.localtime(0100GMT)inTongilgak,aDPRKbuildinginsidethePanmunjomthatstraddlesthedividedKoreas.Thelastgeneral-grademilitarydialoguebetweenthetwosideswasheldinDecember2007.Thefive-memberSouthKoreandelegationwasledbyMaj.Gen.KimDo-gyun,asenior-levelofficialofthedefenseministryinchargeofinter-Koreanmilitaryaffairs.TheDPRKside,composedoffivedelegates,washeadedbyLt.Gen.AnIk-san.ThechiefSouthKoreandelegatetoldreportersbeforeheadingforPanmunjomthathewilldiscusswithhisDPRKcounterpartissuesontheeasingofinter-Koreanmilitarytensionsandthescheduleforinter-Koreantalksbetweendefenseministers.Otherissuesonthedialogueagendawouldpossiblybetherestorationoftheinter-Koreanmilitarycommunicationschannel,theregularly-heldmilitarytalksbetweenthetwosidesandtheestablishmentofhotlinebetweendefenseministers.Theinter-KoreanmilitarytalkscameaftertopDPRKleaderKimJongUnandU.S.PresidentDonaldTrumpheldthehistoricsummitinSingaporeTuesday.目前,首个地下云图网监测站和传感设备,已在汶川县映秀地震台部署完成。Accordingtotheplan,2,000monitoringstationswillbebuiltintwoyearsinSichuanandYunnan,twoquake-proneprovincesinsouthwestChina,saidscientistswiththeInstituteofCare-life,adisaster-reductionlabbasedinChengdu,capitalofSichuan.四川省成都高新减灾研究所的科学家表示,按照规划,我国将用两年时间在四川和云南两个地震多发省份建立2000个监测站。

  按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。HongKongtycoonLiKa-shingonThursdayofficiallysteppeddownasleaderofabusinessempireaftershowingupaschairmanofCKHutchisonandCKAssetatthetwocompanies'annualgeneralmeetings.Li,whowillturn90inJuly,wassucceededbyhiselderson,53-year-oldVictorLiTzarKuoi.Afterretirement,hewillserveasasenioradviserofthecompaniesandfocusonhischarityfoundationwhichwassetupin1980.ThechangesareinlinewithhisannouncementmadeinMarch.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangWei)ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  【相关词汇】浅源地震shallowearthquake破坏性地震destructiveearthquake震中epicenter地震波seismicwave地震预报earthquakeprediction震级earthquakemagnitude余震aftershock地震次生灾害seismicsecondarydisaster按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  地下云图网undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。按照科研计划,地震预警四川省重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所将用1至2年建成川滇地下云图网;再用3年时间,运用新建设的地下云图网采集10个左右破坏性地震的案例(monitortheregionforthreeyearsandexpecttocollectdataonabout10earthquakesinthisperiod),进行地震预报的内部技术试验等。ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChina'sSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebroadcastingsystemstoalertcitizenssecondsbeforeseismicwavesarrive.InanearthquakedrillWednesday,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."Theearthquakeearlywarningisnotanearthquakeforecast.Itjustusesthetheorythatradiowavestravelfasterthanseismicwavestogivepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,andChengduHigh-TechDisasterReductionInstitute.WangsaidthataidedwithadvancedtechnologyfromtheInternetofThings,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningwhenshockwavesaremonitoredsopeoplehaveextrasecondstofindshelter.Earthquakeresearchhasfoundthatbeingawareofanearthquake3secondsaheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,and20secondscansave63percentofcasualties.Inimportantsectorssuchasthechemicalindustry,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,Wangsaid.HesaidthatcurrentlyChengdu'swarningsystemcovered2.2millionsquarekm,wherethereare660millionpeople.ThesystemmakesChinathethirdcountryintheworldafterJapanandMexicowithanearthquakeearlywarningability.Inthemagnitude7quakethatrockedJiuzhaigouCounty,Sichuan,onAug.8,2017,thequakealertwassentout71secondsbeforethefirstseismicwavearrived.Chinastartedtobuild2,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

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